Have you ever think what is difference between Ubuntu and Linux? It may look somehow funny, but many of people don’t know about this. Generally people refer Linux as an Operating System(OS) which is incorrect. Linux actually refers to the kernel module developed by Linus Torvalds. The kernel act as the middle man between user applications and the computer hardware.
So What is the Kernel?
A kernel is the lowest level of easily replaceable software that interfaces with the hardware in your computer. It is responsible for interfacing all of your applications that are running in “user mode” down to the physical hardware, and allowing processes, known as servers, to get information from each other using inter-process communication (IPC).
What is Linux?
Linux is actually a generic name used to refer Unix-like operating systems. However, it is distinct due to its use of the ‘Linux Kernel’ (The kernel manages input, output, memory, and processing), which was originated by Linus Torvalds in 1991. Linux is the foremost example of an ‘open source software’. The programming or source code is freely used, modified and redistributed.
Linux systems can be installed in various computer hardware, such as smart phones, laptops, PDA, and so forth. The use of Linux is very prevalent in servers. It is even reported that in 2008, at least 60 percent of web servers worldwide was run on Linux operating systems.
A kernel is pretty useless by itself. So it’s typically bundled with a bunch of useful utilities and interfaces. This collection of utilities and interfaces is called a distribution.The same kernel (Linux) can be used in many different distributions (Ubuntu, Slackware, Debian, Mint, CentOS, etc.), each bundled with different utilities and interfaces (or unique builds of the same utilities and interfaces). Ubuntu is one distribution that uses the Linux kernel. Linux is a generic term referring to Unix-like operating systems, and it has various types of distributions; Ubuntu is just one of them.
What is Ubuntu?
Ubuntu is based on Linux, a project initiated by the South African, Mark Shuttleworth. It is in fact just one of the Linux distributions, or ‘distros, along with Fedora, Suse, Mandriva and Debian. To date, it is perhaps the most popular one, as it was claimed to be most used type of Linux based OS in desktop installations. The name ‘Ubuntu’ was from an African ideology, which means ‘Humanity towards others’. Ubuntu provides a user friendly and stable OS which is targeted towards the average computer user. It boasts simplicity, and ease of installation as well. The Ubuntu Project is sponsored by Canonical Ltd.
Ubuntu is a complete Linux operating system, freely available with both community and professional support. The Ubuntu community is built on the ideas enshrined in the Ubuntu Manifesto: that software should be available free of charge, that software tools should be usable by people in their local language and despite any disabilities, and that people should have the freedom to customize and alter their software in whatever way they see fit.
Ubuntu is suitable for both desktop and server use. The current Ubuntu release supports Intel x86 (IBM-compatible PC), AMD64 (x86-64), ARMv7, ARMv8 (ARM64), IBM POWER8, IBM zSeries (zEC12/zEC13), and PowerPC architectures.
Ubuntu includes more than 1000 pieces of software, starting with the Linux kernel version 4.4 and GNOME 3.18, and covering every standard desktop application from word processing and spreadsheet applications to internet access applications, web server software, email software, programming languages and tools and of course several games.
How Linux and Ubuntu is Different?
- Linux started in 1991, while Ubuntu took off in 2004.
- Linux is based on the Linux Kernel, which was written by Linus Torvalds. Ubuntu, on the other hand, was based on the Linux system, and this project was initiated by a multimillionaire named Mark Shuttleworth.
- Other Linux distributions include Fedora, Debian, SUSE, etc. The most popular of all, particularly in desktop installations is Ubuntu.
- Linux is just the kernel, which comes just above the Hardware. Whereas Ubuntu is an operating system which is built over the kernel.
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